If you are just starting essential oils, and you feel a little bit overwhelmed with the new terms, here is a summary of the most frequently used words. It is a good idea to print this quick guide and keep it with you at least in your first couple of months as an Essential Oils distributor. It is also a good idea to make photocopies and distribute to your friends and team whenever you are organizing a home party, an oils session, or a Make-N-Take gathering.
Essential Oils are often referenced as E.O. or EO by users. E.O are core elements produced inside aromatic plants that are both soluble and volatile. The name “essential oil” is a contraction of the “quintessential oil.” This derives from the Aristotelian idea that matter is formed of four elements:
Distillation & evaporation were thought to be processes of separating the spirit from the plant. This is also echoed in our language: the term “spirits” is used to describe distilled alcoholic beverages such as brandy, whiskey, and the French eau de vie.
The 5th element, or “quintessence”, is considered to be the essence or life force.
The last of these (water of life) displays a concept of life force removal from the plant. Of course, we know that, far from being spirit, essential oils are physical in nature and composed of complex mixtures of chemicals.1
Any substance that will volatilize or evaporate when opened to air is known as unstable or volatile. Volatile substances are usually light substances with small molecules.
Although that some essential oils are sparingly soluble in water, most Essential oils are not water soluble; that’s why they float on top of your glass of water. Alcoholic water is one of the best ways to solubilize the essential oils only for treatment purpose. Essential oils show solubility in 160 to 300 parts of water. 7-10 parts of 70% alcohol.
A blended oil is a mix of 2 or more singles. Essential Oils are typically blended to combine their individual aromas or properties.
This is the most common method of extraction. The plant elements are placed in an extraction chamber, and then steam (produced by boiling water in another chamber) is released from the bottom of the extraction chamber where the plant is. Because essential oils are volatile, both the steam and the essential oil rise to the top. The steam and essential oil are ushered into another tubes where they cool down. Because essential oils usually don’t mix with water (they are hydrophobic), when the mix the oil/steam cools down, the essential oils stay on the top and the water drowns at the bottom. Only then, essential oils can easily be separated from the water.
The cold-pressed method is one of the best to extract essential oils. Known as scarification, it is commonly used for extracting essential oils from citrus fruits. No heat is required because a mechanical pressure is used to “press” the oils out of the plant material. It’s not a practical method but it is often used for the peel or rind of fruits.
How to use Essential Oils
- direct application,
- massage with the oils,
or use of the oils blended with:
- a cream,
- bath gel,
- or soap (see below).
Even if many oils can be applied neat (see below), others may need to be reduced with a vegetable or “carrier oil” before topical application, especially in cases of young or sensitive skin. Never apply an essential oil to a baby without first asking a licensed health specialist.
Facial Creams, Lotions, And Oils
This is often done via Make-N-Take gatherings: you purchase unscented facial creams or body lotions and add essential oils to or create a facial oil by using a variety of vegetable/herbal oils and then adding your favorite essential oils into the mix. Learn here how to make your own creams and lotions!
Massage and/or body oils are a combination of one or more vegetable and/or herbal oils with essential oils.
A lot of people use essential oils with baths. Just add 2 – 12 drops (depending on essential oil) into a teaspoon of honey, whole milk, vegetable oil or other dispersing agent then add to your bath.
Internal application or administration means that the oils are taken orally as a dietary supplement.
That is done either:
- by adding the oil to a food
- or beverage that is then ingested;
- or by swallowing a capsule previously filled with essential oil.
Beware, not all essential oils can be ingested. Please read the label of each bottle before you ingest anything. If you are unsure, seek the advice of a licensed health professional.
Aromatic Application: Using Essential Oils Aromatically means that the oils are inhaled through the mouth and nose. That could include inhaling the aroma directly from the open bottle or inhaling the fragrance of the oil after it has been applied to the hands or to another material, such as an inhaler, a necklace diffuser, a tissue, a cotton wick or an electric diffuser. It could also mean breathing in the vapor or mist of an oil that has been diffused or sprayed into the surrounding air.
Different types of inhalation
Direct inhalation refers to the technique of smelling or inhaling the essential oil directly from the bottle. Direct inhalations are most commonly employed for the relief of raw emotions or distress and as supportive remedy for the relief of respiratory congestion or other respiratory ailments.
Direct inhalations are also used for their effect on the nervous system.
Direct inhalation from the bottle:
Create a synergy (undiluted essential oils) utilizing 3-5 essential oils and place in a small bottle. Gently move the essential oil bottle under your nose while taking deep inhalations. You can repeat 3-4x a day or as needed; depending on the potency of the essential oil.
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Direct palm inhalation
Direct palm inhalation refers to the technique of sniffing or inhaling an essential oil/s or synergy directly from the palms of your hands.
Direct palm inhalations are most generally used for:
- the relief of raw emotions,
- emotional distress,
- to uplift and transform one’s consciousness,
- or simply to relax and breathe.
Direct Palm Inhalations can be used as supportive therapy for the relief of respiratory congestion or other respiratory ailments.
Create a blend with a total of 20-30 drops utilizing 3-5 essential oils and place in a 10ml (1/3 ounce) bottle. Once the blend is in the bottle, fill the remainder of the bottle with either fine or coarse sea salts. Waft bottle under your nose while taking deep inhalations. Depending on the potency of the essential oil, that can be done 3-4x a day or as needed.
Place 2-4 drops of essential oil or synergy on the tissue or cloth. Hold cloth in the palms of your hand and take 2-3 deep inhalations through the nose. If using a cotton ball, gently waft the cotton ball under the clients’ nose. This technique can be used 2-3x a day or as needed.
Inhaler tubes are designed using 100% essential oil/s saturated on a organic cotton pad. You can purchase these on TheEssentialTools.Com. You do not need to place the nasal inhaler inside the nostrils. In fact, we suggest you never insert them in your nose. Hold the tube just below your nose and slowly inhale. Count slowly 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. as you inhale. Then hold for another count of 5, then slowly exhale.
Place 3-7 drops of essential oil into boiling water. Some essential oils to consider include: Eucalyptus sp. (either E. globulus or E. radiata), Thyme ct. Linalol (Thymus vulgaris), Lemon (Citrus limon), and Tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia). Cover head with towel and breathe through the nose. Keep eyes closed!
An aromatic spritzer is a combination of essential oils and water. Often a dispersant such as solubol is used to diffuse the essential oils within the water. Aromatic spritzers can be used as room fresheners, to cleanse the air, to uplift and energize, to scent space, or used during a massage or esthetic practice: e.g. sprayed on face cradles to keep respiratory passages clear.
In massage and aromatherapy, a “carrier oil”, also known as “base oil” or “vegetable oil”, is used to dilute essential oils and absolutes before they are applied to the skin during topical application. Carrier Oils simply dilute and carry the essential oil onto the skin. Carrier oils do not contain any aroma, though some, such as olive, have a mild distinctive smell. Many people feel organic oils are of higher quality. Cold-pressing and maceration are the two main methods of producing carrier oils. The most used Carrier Oils are Almond Oil, Fractionated Coconut Oil, Jojoba Oil, Coconut Oil, and olive oil.
FCO stands for “Fractionated Coconut Oil”. Unlike most other carriers, Fractionated Coconut Oil is remarkably resistant to rancidity. The shelf life is at least 2 years and is probably more under proper storage conditions FCO is a traditional carrier oil since it’s odorless, clear, & absorbs effortlessly through the skin.
If you apply an essential oil neat, then you are applying it without a carrier oil; that is directly on your skin without blending with other oils or diluting it with a carrier oil.
When you dilute an essential oil, you mix it with a carrier oil, so its effects are not so heavily concentrated. Since essential oils are really potent, and some hot oils may cause irritation, diluting the essential oil with a carrier oil is recommended. Children, pregnant women, and those with sensitive skin should always dilute essential oils. Diluting an essential oil in carrier oil is also a great way to help spread the essential oils over a larger area otherwise the speed at which the oil penetrate the skin is too fast.
A roll-on bottle (or roller bottle) is a regular bottle with a ball on the (called a roller). It is useful for spreading essential oil for topical application and applying essential oils easily to the skin. Chose an amber glass bottle because it will be the best option for keeping oils from sunlight exposure. Oils deteriorate and oxidize over time. So avoid plastic and metal, along with clear glass.
before or during exposure to direct sunlight or UV rays. Doing so may cause uneven pigmentation, rash, or in some cases severe burns. The citrus oils are designated as photosensitive. After application to the skin, you should wait 1-3 days before prolonged exposure to the sun because ultraviolet light exposure is enhanced.
Diffusing essential oils is spreading or cause them to spread over a wide area. In the essential oil realm, to diffuse means to spread essential oils into the air. Sometimes, the oils are diffused over a wide area; but other times, the oils are diffused within one’s personal space.
A diffuser is a device that is used to help disperse the essential oils molecules into the air. There are 4 types of diffusers: fan diffusers (a fan blows the oils into the air), nebulizing diffusers (diffuses straight oil), humidifying/ultrasonic diffusers (uses water and an ultrasonic disc to diffuse the oil), and heat diffusers (uses heat to help disperse the oil).
One of the best method to take essential oils internally is with the help of capsules. The capsule is designed to dissolve in the intestines to maximize the absorption of the oils. Using them not only help bypass any unpleasant oil tastes, but it also enables the oils to allow for better absorption. It is important to always dilute essential oils when using a capsule. The best way to do that is to fill half the capsule with essential oil and the other half with olive oil. You can dilute your essential oils beforehand in a beaker and use a pipette to fill the capsule when you need it.
Oils and Water:
It’s well known, Oil and water do not mix! If essential oils get into your eyes by accident or if they burn the skin a little, never try to remove the oils with water. Water will only drive the oils deeper into the tissue.
It is always better to dilute the essential oils with a pure vegetable oil or carrier oil.
No governmental agency in the world or accepted organization “grades” or “certifies” essential oils as “therapeutic grade,” “medicinal grade,” or “aromatherapy grade” in the world. There is no formally approved grading standard used consistently throughout the essential oil industry. The FDA also prohibits the use of “therapeutic” next to “essential oils” in the USA, although, in the rest of the world, there is no restriction. So, saying that an oil is a therapeutic grade is not FDA compliant in the USA, although it is still widely used by virtually all essential oil companies in the US. 2
1 Sell, Charles. (2010). Chapter 5: The Chemistry of Essential Oils. (Can Baser K H, and Buchbauer G. Editors) in the book Handbook of essential oils : science, technology, and applications, (pp. 121-150). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group.
2 FDA Warning letter to DoTerra about the use of essential oils as “therapeutic” agents http://www.fda.gov/ICECI/EnforcementActions/WarningLetters/2014/ucm415809.htm?gclid=CjwKEAiA27G1BRCEopST9M39gykSJADQyqAl3WrPTn_tBMu_SwxtG9by92VV57WObkCZz2Z2_jDHSRoCrUnw_wcB
Helix of Emotions: reference guide by Xavier Lannes, 2016 Edition
Reference Guide for Essential Oils by Connie and Alan Higley, 2014 Edition
Click below if you want to download this list of essential oil lingo terms to your hard drive. Once downloaded, you will be able to print it for you, for your friends of for your team.